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Last Year, PV Installed Capacity Was the Second Highest in History, and Future Management Will be Classified According to Whether Subsidies are Needed.

2019-02-14
Despite major policy adjustments, last year's new PV installations exceeded market expectations.
solar energy
On January 28th, the National Energy Administration held a press conference in Beijing to release the operation of renewable energy grid-connected in 2018. By the end of 2018, the domestic installed capacity of renewable energy power generation reached 728 million kilowatts, a year-on-year increase of 12%, accounting for 38.3% of all power installed capacity, up 1.7 percentage points year-on-year.

Among them, hydropower installed capacity of 352 million kilowatts, wind power installed capacity of 184 million kilowatts, photovoltaic power generation installed capacity of 174 million kilowatts, biomass power generation installed 17.81 million kilowatts, respectively, an increase of 2.5%, 12.4%, 34% and 20.7%.

In 2018, the national renewable energy power generation was 1.87 trillion kWh, accounting for 26.7% of all power generation.

Wind power and photovoltaics continue to [double down". In 2018, the national wind power abandonment wind power was 27.7 billion kWh, a year-on-year decrease of 33.89%. The national average wind curtailment rate was 7%, down 5 percentage points year-on-year; the national photovoltaic power generation abandoned photoelectricity decreased by 1.8 billion kWh, and the light rejection rate was 3%, down 2.8 percentage points year-on-year.

In 2018, photovoltaic power generation installed capacity of 44.26 million kilowatts, second only to the new installed capacity in 2017, the second highest in history.

Among them, centralized power plants and distributed photovoltaics added 23.3 million kilowatts and 20.96 million kilowatts respectively, accounting for 52.64% and 47.46% respectively.

As of the end of December 2018, the country's photovoltaic power generation installed capacity reached 174 million kilowatts, ranking first in the world. Among them, the centralized power station is 124 million kilowatts, and the distributed photovoltaic is 50.61 million kilowatts.

Li Chuangjun, deputy director of the New Energy and Renewable Energy Division, said that photovoltaic power generation has shifted from a high-speed growth phase to a high-quality development phase.

In 2019, the National Energy Administration will promote the high-quality development of photovoltaic power generation as the main line, and maintain a reasonable development scale and development pace of the photovoltaic industry.

According to the actual development of the industry, PV development will be divided into two major pieces of management in 2019: one is a photovoltaic power generation project that does not require state subsidies, and the other is a photovoltaic power generation project that requires state subsidies.

"For photovoltaic power generation projects that do not require state subsidies, under the premise of meeting the management requirements such as planning and market environment monitoring and evaluation, and implementing conditions such as network access, the local self-organized construction." Li Chuangjun said.

On January 9, the National Development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration jointly issued the "Notice on Actively Promoting Non-subsidized Internet Access for Wind Power and Photovoltaic Power Generation". The wind power and photovoltaic industries ushered in the first policy of sending price-level Internet access. The document stipulates that low-cost, low-cost Internet projects will not be subject to annual construction scale restrictions.

This means that the industry has provided another incremental market space under the premise that the subsidy gap is expanding and the indicators are shrinking.

However, the scope of the above projects does not apply to the whole country. According to the policy, wind power and photovoltaic power generation monitoring and early warning (evaluation) are green areas, which can be carried out on the basis of implementing the conditions for consumption; in the orange area, it is encouraged to select approved (recorded) projects with better resource conditions; red areas In addition to the low-cost Internet demonstration projects that have been arranged for construction and the unsubsidized projects that have been delivered through the inter-provincial trans-regional transmission channels, in principle, no new local low-cost, low-cost Internet projects will be arranged.

According to the [Results of Environmental Monitoring and Evaluation of Photovoltaic Power Generation Market in the First Three Quarters of 2018" issued by the National Renewable Energy Information Management Center, the evaluation results are that the green provinces are Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Shanxi, Hebei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou. This means that only 14 provinces in the country can carry out photovoltaic parity and low-cost Internet projects on their own.

In response to the above-mentioned affordable Internet policy, the National Energy Administration further added at the conference that [wind power, photovoltaic level-level Internet projects and low-cost Internet projects will be organized and implemented by provincial energy authorities. Enterprises can provide provincial energy to the provinces as required. The competent department declares a parity online project and does not need to report to the National Energy Administration."

For the photovoltaic power generation projects that require state subsidies, the National Energy Administration said that in addition to the special support projects of the national policy, in principle, market-based competition should be adopted to determine construction projects and subsidy standards. Specific policies, the Energy Bureau is currently working with relevant departments to study and will be introduced as soon as possible.

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