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How Can Photovoltaics Help the Poor Get Rich? The Most Important Thing is to Stick to the Leader Program.

2019-03-25
As one of China's top ten targeted poverty alleviation projects, since the pilot work began in 2014, remarkable progress has been made in the past five years, and the goal of increasing the income of poor people and effectively protecting the ecological environment has been steadily achieved. At the same time, there are also a series of problems such as poor quality, low stability, and unreliable income.
In order to ensure the stability of the income of the photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station, at the "2019 China PV Poverty Reduction Symposium for a New Era" held on March 9, the person in charge of a poverty alleviation agency said: "By the end of 2018, the state has issued a photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station target of more than 15GW. However, there are 5GW indicators that have failed to pass the production review for various reasons. "

Due to a series of problems in the photovoltaics power station, the Poverty Reduction Office of the State Council has focused its attention on the quality of photovoltaics in 2019. In an interview, the head of the aid-the-poor agency said: "This year, the country will conduct the first interview work on the photovoltaics poverty alleviation power station. The relevant personnel of the project that has been declared successful but has not been strictly implemented as required will be interviewed. "

Worry of Photovoltaics Poverty Alleviation Power Station

"On the one hand, we are struggling to compete for the targets of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects in various parts of the country. Only 320 areas should have met the conditions for applying for photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations, but they have welcomed more than twice as many applicants. On the other hand, they have seized the areas where photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects have been carried out. One-third of them can't get through production properly. The poor quality, low stability and unguaranteed yield of power stations have seriously affected the poverty eradication effectiveness of photovoltaic project sites. "

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According to the Beijing Jianheng Certification Center, after a long period of time, various forms of power station testing and evaluation have been carried out in 10 provinces and 45 counties across the country, and nearly 400 village-level and village-level joint power stations and 40 centralized pro-poor power stations have been put into operation. It is found that the problems of poor equipment quality and low reliability seriously affect the expected revenue of photovoltaics power stations.
Jizhenshuang, deputy director of the Beijing Jianheng Certification Center, pointed out at the meeting: "Overall, PV poverty alleviation has achieved remarkable results. Power stations have been built and shipped. The performance level of most power stations is within acceptable limits, and the expected income can basically be achieved.; A small number of power stations have low efficiency levels. A small number of power stations can not meet the requirements of economic operation, and even some power stations should be put out of operation. This should attract sufficient attention.
It is understood that the reason why the photovoltaics poverty alleviation power station has the above problems is mainly because some companies use the photovoltaics poverty alleviation power station as a "gold mine", and the equipment, products, and transportation and maintenance used have not met certain standards. Even some photovoltaic power stations use photovoltaic components that have been eliminated, and the later transportation is unmanned, making the power station an "orphan" power station.
Based on the current situation of the photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station, Deputy Director Jizhenshuang suggested: "In selecting the key equipment of the photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station, especially components and inverters, we should try our best to choose the first-line brand companies that meet the standards of the front-runners, have good quality credibility, and have strong comprehensive strength. Products, In this way, the quality of the power station, the stability of the system and the effectiveness of the revenue can be guaranteed. "

The "leader program" standard is inevitable

Due to a series of problems in the photovoltaics power station, the Poverty Reduction Office of the State Council has focused its attention on the quality of photovoltaics in 2019. In an interview, the head of the aid-the-poor agency said: "This year, the country will conduct the first interview work on the photovoltaics poverty alleviation power station. The relevant personnel of the project that has been declared successful but has not been strictly implemented as required will be interviewed. "

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A few days ago, Liuyongfu, director of the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council, also said in an interview with the media that China's poverty alleviation work has entered a critical period. This year, more than 10 million poor people will be reduced. We must severely crack down on fraud in the area of poverty alleviation. Therefore, the state attaches great importance to the problem of fraud in the field of poverty alleviation. Including photovoltaics, the state is bound to conduct centralized evaluation and management of all poverty alleviation projects this year. Those responsible for photovoltaics power stations that are of low quality, inefficient, and have no guarantee of income will be blamed.
In order to monitor the quality of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations, the Poverty Reduction Office of the State Council will carry out real-time monitoring of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations in 2019. The power generation of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations will be reported in real time, and it will be clear whether the efficiency of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations will meet the standards.
In addition, the Poverty Reduction Office of the State Council will also strictly focus on the quality work of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations and, in coordination with relevant departments, will issue the "Measures for the Management of Photovolt Power Stations." With the above measures, inefficient photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations will have nowhere to hide. High-quality, high-efficiency and high-yield photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations that meet the standards of "front-runners" will become the mainstream of photovoltaic poverty alleviation.

The standards of "leader's plan" should be carried out throughout the construction of power stations

The PV poverty alleviation station wants to maintain the same standards as the front-runners, not only in the selection of components and inverters, but also in the design and construction of good design construction units. Jizhenshuang emphasized: "The improper selection of sites and the unreasonable array design have led to the low performance of photovoltaic power stations. The reporter learned that some power stations did not consider Geological conditions when they were located. After the completion of the poverty alleviation power station, the power station was shut down due to floods, landslides and other reasons. There are also some power stations that have caused various failures in power stations after the investment and transportation of pro-poor power stations due to the design and construction of reduced materials and the failure of freezing factors. Even some power stations did not use the corresponding cables and overload protection devices as required, resulting in fire and other safety accidents in the power station.
Such events are numerous. The construction of photovoltaics poverty alleviation power station should let the standards of the front-runners be implemented from beginning to end. The Information Industry Electronics 11th Design and Research Institute Co., Ltd.. General Manager of Science and Technology Engineering Co., Ltd. and Huamingshi, Director of Beiling Power Station, introduced at the symposium: "We have built a 40 MW ground photovoltaic power project in Gongyi, and the project will be connected in 2016. The network has so far accumulated nearly 100 million degrees of power generation. Now our gongyi 40 megawatt photovoltaic power station has become a local business card. "

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The reason for this achievement is that Huamingshi believes that eleven technologies have been fully prepared at the beginning of the design and construction. He analyzed: "First, according to the cooperation of land planning plans and local government planning departments, the scope of unused land is initially determined, and the best area is 1-2 times the actual area of use, and the land and forestry parts are coordinated; The second is to see whether there are 35 kV and field substations around the site area. If the power station capacity is below 30 MW, you can choose 35 kV lines. If 35 MW or more, Deze chooses 10 kV lines; Third, fully assess the terrain and try to choose the direction toward the South. If there is no positive South, you can choose to set up photovoltaic panels in the Southeast or Southwest direction; Fourth, pay attention to removing graves and gutters within the site area to prevent landslides and subsidence due to loose soil; The fifth is whether there are traffic conditions around the survey, whether it can meet the entry and exit of large vehicles, whether there are overpasses and culverts on the main traffic routes, and whether it can meet the requirements for the entry of large equipment in the later period; The sixth is to carry out preliminary ground survey, understand the geographical conditions, and on this basis plan the construction plan of the mountain photovolt power station bracket. "
With such a detailed preliminary preparation is not enough, it is also necessary to comprehensively consider the terrain analysis and sunshine shadow analysis of mountain power stations; Select suitable support form for construction; Select the suitable design of the power line; Give full attention to the design of the drainage system in the formation area; Proper planning and construction of main roads and patrol roads in the array area of power stations.
The 11th Science and Technology is to adhere to the design and construction of photovoltaic power stations based on the standards of front-runners. Each step takes full account of the use of power stations in the next 25 years or more as a starting point, and comprehensively builds high-quality photovoltaic power stations., won the praise of the industry.

30 % increase in poverty alleviation with "Lead Runner Plan"

It is reported that the "National PV Runner Program" was initiated by the National Energy Administration and uses the most advanced technologies and core equipment of photovoltaic power stations, such as components and inverters, to build photovoltaic power generation demonstration bases and new technology application demonstration projects. Starting from the first batch of PV leaders 'plans launched in Datong, Shanxi Province, China's PV industry has developed rapidly, and the requirements for the core equipment of PV power stations, such as components and inverters, have been constantly increasing. It is always the most advanced technology and product in the industry.
Poverty alleviation by the standards of the front-runners is a clear request in the "Measures for the Management of Photovoltaics Poverty Alleviation Power Stations." Longjileye, assistant chairman of Wangyingge, said at the symposium: "Only when the quality of the photovoltaics poverty alleviation power station is guaranteed, the safety is guaranteed, and the power generation is guaranteed, the issue of poverty eradication effectiveness is discussed. The state hopes that the benefits of photovoltaic power stations will be long-term and sustainable. Longji actively responded to the call of the national policy to use the products of the front-runners to do photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects. The photovoltaic poverty alleviation project can use Longji's half piece of double-sided product Hi-MO3, which has higher power than ordinary components and double-sided power generation. Poor households can increase their income by about 30 %. "
Qinxiao, deputy director of the solar energy Department of the General Institute of Hydropower Planning and Design, summed up the experience of photovoltaic poverty alleviation over the years and said that the country attaches great importance to the development of photovoltaic poverty alleviation. The photovoltaics poverty alleviation has also shifted from the initial exploration to a new stage of quality and efficiency improvement. Judging from the results of the test of the photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station that has been built so far, the photovoltaic poverty alleviation project that adopts the standards of the front-runners has higher power generation, which brings more benefits to the people and will be more sustainable.
The reporter learned that by 2020, the government will build photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations in about 50,000 state-level poor villages with good lighting conditions, and use the entire village to advance, thus guaranteeing 2.8 million non-working poor households. Each year, each household will increase its income by more than 3,000 yuan. At present, a total of 13.63 million kilowatts of photovoltaics power stations have been built to help 2.24 million poor households. The construction of photovoltaics power stations will reach their final peak this year and next, and only the core equipment that meets the standards of the front-runners will be selected. For example, components, inverters, etc., and choose to use the leader as the standard for the design and construction of power stations, in order to achieve the expected poverty alleviation effect, can withstand the test of time, can make photovoltaic poverty alleviation become the most concentrated in the precision industry poverty alleviation.

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